For the birth control pill to work it should contain a combination and of hormones such as progesterone and estrogen that prevents the release of the egg every menstruation or “ovulation”. Once no ovulation takes place, there will also not fertilization of the egg that leads to pregnancy.
Aside from preventing ovulation, the birth control pill also thickens the mucus around the woman’s cervix to prevent the sperm from entering the uterus and also affects the lining of the uterus which makes it harder for the egg to be attached to the uterus. When taking a birth control pill, it is very important to religiously take it daily so you can achieve its effectivity.
To ensure that there will be no pregnancy; women who are taking pills should also use other forms of contraceptives during the first week in case the pill doesn’t work right away. Taking the pills everyday—ideally at the same exact time—is very important to prevent one’s self from getting pregnant.
Advantages and disadvantages of the birth control pill
The major advantages of using a birth control pill is that it can prevent a woman from getting into early or unplanned pregnancy. However, improper use of the birth control pill can also lead to possible side effects such as irregular cycle of menstruation, headaches, nausea, dizziness, gaining of weight, tenderness of the breast, emotional fluctuations or being moody, and in rare cases, blood clots.
To avoid any complications from using the birth control pill, it is always best to consult a doctor or healthcare provider before using any contraceptives.